From the editors
FOREWORD

DESTINATION
Aleksandr Sologubov
CULTURE IN A "FOREIGN" SPACE: AN INTRODUCTION
Ivan Chechot
TO GENIUS LOCI KALININGRAD AND KOENIGSBERG
Wolfgang Eichwede
KALININGRAD IN THE YEAR 2020 - A NOT QUITE FICTITIOUS CONVERSATION
Aleksandr Sologubov
DESTINATION - KALININGRAD

PHRASE BOOK
Aleksandr Sologubov
FROM KALININGRAD DICTIONARY

MAP OF THE CITY
Anatolii Bakhtin
UGLY KOENIGSBERG
Elena Gladkova
FORMA URBIS. SYMBOLIC PARALLELS
Valery Orlov
IN OR OUT

SOUTHERN STATION
Ivan Chechot
THE RAILWAY STATION AND ENTRANCE TO THE CITY OF KALININGRAD

CROSSROADS
Aleksandr Popadin
BINARY STATES OF "K" CITY
Eugeny Umansky, Karpenko-Karpenko
KATYANASTYA

IN THE CENTER
Andrei Monastyrsky, Sabina Haensgen
EMPTY CENTER K.
Pavel Nastin
COURTYARD-WELL

COMMUNICATIONS
Artem Advokat
GRAFFITI
Elena Tsvetaeva
FOLK GRAFFITI
Marek Wolodzko
FOLLOWING SILENT WORDS
FA+ (Ingrid Falk & Gustavo Aguerre)
THE MYTHICAL FOUNDATION OF KALININGRAD
Aleksandr Sologubov
MICROTOPONYMY

PRETERITION: KNEIPHOF ISLAND
Aleksandr Sologubov
THE CATHEDRAL
Aleksandr Popadin
ERECTING BRIDGES
Ivan Chechot
THE BRIDGES AND "THE PREGEL'S ODOR"
John Craig Freeman, Greg Ulmer
IMAGING KALININGRAD: THE SEVEN BRIGES OF KOENIGSBERG

STOA KANTIANA
Anatolii Bakhtin
FORGOTTEN KANT AND THE KANT-BRAND IN KOENIGSBERG
Aleksandr Sologubov
KANT
Olga Lopukhova
KANT'S TOMB
Erika Wolf
KANT'S BRIDES: A READYMADE PHOTOGRAPHIC CHRONOTOPE
Ivan Chechot
THE CATHEDRAL AND KANT FOR EVERYONE, OR IS GOD FEARSOME WITHOUT MORAL

THE CASTLE OF SOVIETS
Aleksandr Sologubov
THE ROYAL CASTLE
Igor Sacharov-Ross
WINE CELLAR
Dali Rust
A WHITE SEAGULL ABOVE THE CITY: THE SYMBOLS OF THE OLD NEW CITY
Joanna Sandell
WRITING OF DREAMS
RAKETA
LIGHT UP DOM SOVETOV
Aleksandr Sologubov
THE HOUSE OF SOVIETS

GERMANS
Ilya Dementiev
THE MOST PROFOUND SECRET OF ONE KOENIGSBERG LAWYER: HOFFMANN
KudaBegutSobaki
A LEGEND ABOUT FIVE LITTLE ULRICHEN AND FERRYMAN ANDRE

Peter Wunsch
KOENIGSBERG-KALININGRAD. THE TASTE OF MARZIPAN
Aleksandr Sologubov
THE COUNTRY OF PENSIONERS - OR THE GERMANS
Martin Huettel
QWERTZ

MOSCOW PERSPECTIVE
Olga Sezneva
CONCRETE ELEMENTS OF KALININGRAD
Agnieszka Wolodzko
HABITATION UNITS
Werner Moeller
THE UNDREAMED OF CITY
Oleg Vasiutin
TOWN PLANNING MATHEMATICS
Mark Borozna
MOSKOVSKII PROSPECT & THE SHADOWS AROUND ALTSTADT

OUR TOWER Ivan Chechot
KRONPRINZ
Elena Tsvetaeva
THE TOWER-REDAN "KRONPRINZ"
THE KRONPRINZ TOWER. Projects for the National Centre for Contemporary Arts by Students of the Institute for Theory and Design in Architecture (Braunschweig, Germany)
OUR PRIDE
Aleksandr Sologubov
AMBER
Aleksandr Sologubov
ALCOHOLIC BEVERAGES
Ivan Chechot
THE AMBER ROOM

BASTIONS
Avenir Ovsyanov
BASTIONS IN DIAMONDS AND EMERALDS
Rostan Tavasiev
LITTLE BRICKS

THE MARKET
Ivan Chechot
THE HOUSE OF MACHINERY: THE RECONSTRACTION AND EXPLOITATION OF THE POPULATION

V.I.P. (Very Interesting Person)
Elena Tsvetaeva
SERGEI TIMOFEEVICH

PLACE OF EXECUTION
Bert Hoppe
TRACES OF A VIRTUAL HISTORY IN A VERY REAL CITY

CSC ROC
Aleksandr Sologubov
CHRIST THE SAVIOR CATHEDRAL

TRAM
Aleksandr Sologubov
LIFE AND EGGS (A sketch about trams)
SKART
LUCKY TICKET

MEETING POINT
Aleksandr Popadin
THE BULLS
Ivan Chechot
GAUL'S FOUNTAIN
Ivan Chechot
A STROLL THROUGH THE CENTER
Aleksandr Popadin
IN THE FLOW: FOUNTAIN SEASON
Aleksandr Popadin
NINE
Elena Tsygankova
WILD WEST OF RUSSIA

THE ZOO
Irina Kozhevnikova
ZOO
Ingeborg Strobl
ANIMALS IN KALININGRAD AND A MOSAIC
Elena Tsvetaeva
KOENIGSBERG CATS

MEMENTO MORE
Avenir Ovsianov
KOENIGSBERG'S SPIRITUAL HERITAGE IN TONS, ITEMS AND SACKS. From the history of lost and found cultural heritage
Aleksandr Sologubov
KALININ PARK
Aleksandr Popadin
WE ALL ARE GOING TO BE THERE
Aleksandr Sologubov
MONUMENTS
Irina Kozhevnikova
MONUMENT TO 1200 GUARDSMEN IN KALININGRAD
Roger Palmer
BRIEF MEMORIALS

MATTER AND SPIRIT
Aleksandr Sologubov
MYSTICISM
Aleksandr Popadin
FRAGMENT OF A SYMPHONY FOR SLOW READING: IVANOV AND HIS SURROUNDINGS
Evgenii Umanskii
ATTIC OF RECOGNITION
Aleksandr Sologubov
STOVES
Dmitrii Vyshemirskii
MAN AND WOMAN
Lana Vyshemirskaya
THE SMALL SCULPTURE "GIRL"

ON THE STREET
Evgenii Umanskii
CHANUKAH
Aleksandr Popadin
CUBIC PAVEMENT
Igor Isaev, Dmitrii Demidenko
SEWER HATCHES
Aleksandr Popadin
THE FIRE HYDRANT
Irina Kozhevnikova
TRADITIONS
Kalle Brolin, Kristina Muntzing
POTENTIAL PLACE

Aleksandr Popadin
THE WATERFALL HERACLES' BOLT

V.I.P. (Very Interesting Person)
Manuela
NATASHA POTERYASHINA. Inteview

ATMOSPHERE
Aleksandr Sologubov
TO BE IN THE MOOD FOR PACKING
Aleksandr Popadin
ALL-WEATHER KALININGRADIANS
Dmitrii Bulatov, Pavel Savel'ev
ACEPHALUS: OPTICAL MODELS
Mark Borozna
LIGHT THE CRYSTALS OF KALININGRAD!

THE HARBOR
Evgenii Kazannik
PORT
Aleksandr Ponomarev
THE GATES

SUBURBS
Avenir Ovsyanov
THE BRIDGE THAT THE "RUSSIANS COULDN'T PULL DOWN"
Elena Tsvetaeva
THE ROAD TO BERLIN: FROM EPIC TO BANAL. Interview with Valerii Bugrov
Aleksandr Popadin
HOAR-STONES AND BOUNDARY SYMBOLS
Aleksandr Popadin
MUSCOVITES ARE HANGING
Anders Kreuger
BEFORE THE CITY



DESTINATION - KALININGRAD


Aleksandr Sologubov / Kaliningrad, Russia


Kaliningrad (from Kalinin and grad, city). One quite popular way of naming cities is to take a word and add the suffix -grad (city) or the alternate form -gorod to a word: Stalingrad, Belgorod, Novgorod, Kitaigorod. Sometimes the German word for "city" (-stadt) is used, for example: Kronshtadt.

Koenigsberg was named Kaliningrad in 1946. In this very same year Mikhail Ivanovich Kalinin, the "All-Union Elder Statesman" and Chairman of the Presidium of the Supreme Soviet of the USSR, passed away. Senior "comrades consulted and decided" to commemorate the deceased by giving his name to yet another inhabited place. It seemed that along with his name, the spirit of Kalinin also came to the city.

In the late 1980s discussion began about renaming the city. Many options were offered: Kantograd, Kantovsk, Prussk, Iantarburg, Kniazhgorod, Korolevogorsk, Korolevets (it is thought that Koenigsberg was referred to thus in Russian in the past). German guests, who were able to visit the city by then, hoped that Kaliningrad would once again be named Koenigsberg - "at least, the majority of young citizens of the city supported this idea."

As the double anniversary of the city - the 60th anniversary of our densely populated area with a 750 year-old history - approached, the issue of renaming the city became crucial again. It is natural that there were, are and will be both supporters and opponents of renaming (in German: Umbennennung; interestingly, in Kaliningrad Oblast the words Umbenennung and Regermanisierung are etymologically related).

There is one argument against renaming that is quite interesting: the word "Koenigsberg" is difficult for Russians to hear correctly. Some scrupulous supporters decided to test this and compiled statistics on spelling mistakes for both "Koenigsberg" and "Kaliningrad." According to their calculations, there were more mistakes in spelling the word "Kaliningrad" than in the word "Koenigsberg" (as if to disprove the argument introduced by the opponents of "Koenigsberg").

Here is an exceptional case: In July 2002 legislation was introduced in the local legislature "about the name Kaliningrad as a monument of historical significance." In accordance with it "all actions of any legal entity or natural person aimed at the distortion, modification or destruction of its form or meaning must be considered criminal and prosecuted by law as the encroachment or destruction of a monument of historic heritage and cultural significance" (up to two years of imprisonment!).

One of Kaliningrad's newspapers reacted to this legislation by launching a competition for a new name for the city. Readers submitted numerous variants: Koenigrad, Westberg, Zapadburg, Eurograd, Zagranburg, Rusberg, Baltburg, Iantarograd, Pribaltiisk, Vladibaltiisk, Tzaregorsk, Korolevskaya Gora (a literal translation of the German name), Ottokargrad (after the king who founded the city). There was also a proposal to reinterpret the present name: to leave the name as it is, but to dedicate it not to a person, but to a plant - the guelder rose (kalinin in Russian), and to cultivate this plant in the square near the South Railway Station, where the monument to Kalinin is located.

Let's symbolically plunge into this place-naming discussion and acquaint ourselves with the arguments for and against (pro et contra) it that are being proferred by officials, public figures, journalists, and ordinary citizens. I will lump everything together without classification; you will have to decide for yourselves what is pro and what is contra:


As we already dealt with this naming hastily once, I believe it is not worth repeating this haste again


(renaming) was already realized long ago by other Russian cities, including those that have names of German origin, such as Petersburg, Ekaterinburg


Russian place names are mandated in the region by law


this problem has no resolution, as the name has been fixed in the Constitution of Russia and to change it would be extraordinarily difficult


the original name has been returned to Tver, formerly Kalinin, so there is no longer a Kaliningrad situated near Moscow. In Moscow itself the name Kalinin has been successfully removed from the names of a Metro station and a prospect, while a museum display and monument to Kalinin have been dismantled


the names of inhabited places in the Kaliningrad region are of value from the viewpoint of Russian history and are a genuine source of information about the origin and development of a multinational culture of the people of the Russia Federation on this territory


this is Soviet bureaucratic toponymy


in accordance with the worst Soviet traditions the many centuries of pre-war European and world history of this region are being emphatically neglected this is peaceful expansion: first names will be returned, then they will start buying up houses, then the land


the return of history


repudiating "germanishness" is something strange the return of the old name is very disharmonious


the motivation is tied to the name Kalinin, which evokes negative emotions


Koenigsberg: it is already from another history, another culture and another language


750 years - this is European history, German history. We have no other name, we love this history and we want to honour this very history


permission was received to defile and spit on the the history of our country, our region. With name changing, they try to conceal fawning to the former regime


those to whom this amber region is precious, they will live and work in Kaliningrad, and those who don't like this name, which has already become a part of the Russian history, can move somewhere else


one shouldn't repudiate their past


a symbolic step towards a reconsideration of the results of World War II


it tarnishes the memory of the Soviet soldiers, who perished while taking the city


the memory of more than 90,000 Soviet warriors, who eternally reside in the earth of the present day Russian "enclave," will not allow us to do this


150,000 Soviet soldiers died on battlefields. Let the people who want a new-old name to be returned just think over these numbers. I can't but call their actions blasphemy


there is no Koenigsberg. There are some elements of the former German city in the architecture. But there is neither cultural environment, nor language


a significant part of the cultural and architectural monuments were dismantled in the Soviet period. We have to acknowledge our historic responsibility for this, and returning the former name to the city is a part of this process


the majority of Kaliningraders were born as Kaliningraders and not as Koenigsbergers


we are Europeans


the sense of vacantness, the need for for self-actualization, they desire to not feel provincial


former Eastern Prussia, like its former capital, HAVE FALEN INTO OBLIVION and the old names CAN NO LONGER EXIST!...


the renaming of Kaliningrad to Koenigsberg is one step towards turning the whole region into Eastern Prussia and returning it to Germany


officially this is, of course, Russian territory. But historically, visually, and spiritually this is, of course, Eastern Prussia.


those who promote this idea, are carrying out specific orders


it's necessary "to know about the nature of this phenomenon. It's trifling but dangerous only because it dwells in people's minds" everything begins with disputes about the name of the future government and suggestions about renaming the regional capital Koenigsberg "I even think that fiancing from abroad can't be ruled out"


specific separatismthe undermining of the political unity of Russia


the germ of revanchism


the prohibition against renaming entails serious human rights violations and threatens the dignity of the citizens


it's not clear which city's anniversary is going to be celebrated


As you see, this question is popular and is under discussion. People are expressing their opinions. This matter is simple and is freely discussed. I have never heard of anybody being fought or imprisoned for this.

I will refrain from taking sides. But here is my own variant for the collection (even knowing beforehand that it is unacceptable, the main thing is to participate): Regiomons!

Regimons (Lat. regius, kingly; mons, mountain): The Latin name of Koenigsberg. This true story is worthy of citation. In 1998 the historical and cultural association Royal Mountain was registered in Kaliningrad. The founders of this association considered several names, but opted for this neutral Latin word Regimons.

The government official responsible for registering register this association disagreed with this name. He asked: "Is this the name of a monster?" At that time, the incursion of foreign words into the Russian language was being widely discussed; even the display of signboards in Latin letters was banned in the Kaliningrad region. The association was finally registered under the official name "The Historical and Cultural Association Royal Mountain"

But time flies. A while ago one of the association's members told this story to his friend over a glass of beer. The story had not been retold in vain: there is now a knights' festival in Kaliningrad called Rigiomons - The Royal Mountain. Nowadays there are many Royal Mountains in Kaliningrad, especially among the names of alcoholic beverages and investment funds.


Translation by L. Shevchenko & N. Shtok


print version | [] | [IN ALPHABETICAL ORDER] | [MAIN PAGE] | [NCCA KB]